Thursday, May 25, 2017

White Lunar Wind/ White Rhythmic Wizard - Spectral Serpent Moon of Liberation, Day 23

Cover for new report, State of the Salmonids II: Fish in Hot Water, from the UC Davis Center for Watershed Sciences and CalTrout.
Cover for new report, State of the Salmonids II: Fish in Hot Water, from the UC Davis Center for Watershed Sciences and CalTrout.

California Salmon and Trout in Peril: Study

Most of California’s salmon and trout could be gone in coming century if not saved now, study says

May 24, 2017

Salmon are at the heart of tribal cultures up and down the West Coast—their diet, commerce, ceremonies, and spirituality. They appear in cave art of 10,000 or more years ago. Salmon are not just a way of life. They are life.

And in California, they may soon be extinct.

Three quarters of the state’s salmonids, as salmon and trout are called, could be gone in a century if conditions don’t change. That’s according to a new scientific assessment released on May 16. Nearly half of all salmon species face extinction in 50 years if trends in the state stay the same.

The report, State of the Salmonids II: Fish in Hot Water, from the UC Davis Center for Watershed Sciences, and CalTrout, a nonprofit organization, is updated from a study done a decade ago to reflect the latest climate models, and other factors including the five-year drought, which in addition to other stressors pushed several species to the edge of extinction.

“Overall, California’s salmonids are markedly worse off than in 2008,” said lead author Peter Moyle, professor emeritus in the Department of Wildlife, Fish and Conservation Biology and Associate Director of the Center for Watershed Sciences at UC Davis, during a media teleconference May 16. “The impacts of climate change have become much clearer than in the past.”

The team’s updated analysis found that climatic impacts are the single largest threat to salmonid survival for several reasons. Salmon, steelhead, and trout need clean, cold water to survive. Rising temperatures will reduce critical snowmelt, and decrease stream flows.

For migratory species like salmon that move between ocean and freshwater systems from the state’s northern border with Oregon to its southern border with Mexico, the threat of climate change is followed by threats caused by estuary alterations from developments on shorelines, major dams and agriculture. Inland species like trout face other threats, such as invasive fish species.

At the same time, the researchers point to salmonids’ resilience in surviving the five-year drought. And they say that salmon, steelhead and trout have adapted to a wide variety of climatic conditions in the past, and could likely survive substantial changes to climate if other stressors and threats were reduced. The report recommends protecting strongholds, or the best habitat remaining, as well as protecting and restoring source waters, and productive and diverse habitats, among other actions such as supporting wild fish in working landscapes.

The researchers reviewed the scientific literature and interviewed fisheries experts to determine extinction risk. The report has recommendations for each of the 32 salmonid species in California. Each was scored a Level of Concern, with zero being extinct, one critical, up to five being a low level of concern.

The Yurok, Karuk, Hoopa, and Klamath tribes fish in the Klamath River that divides Oregon and California. In the new report, spring run Chinook salmon in the Klamath Basin scored critical at 1.6. Four dams on the Klamath River keep this run from their traditional spawning grounds.

Spring Chinook salmon were historically the largest run in the upper Klamath Basin before the dams were built, the Karuk Tribe’s Natural Resources Policy Advocate Craig Tucker told ICMN.

“This is a case adamant for removing the dams,” said Tucker, a scientist who was not a part of this study. “There is cold-water habitat upstream of the dams. Spring run Chinook salmon spend their summers in river, and is one reason dam removal is so important.”

“The only solution for the long-term survival of our salmon is providing access to cold water by removing the dams that are blocking the salmon,” said Toz Soto, a fisheries biologist and the Fisheries Program Manager for the Karuk Tribe, to ICMN. “The tributaries above the dams are spring fed [they continually produce cold water], and so are not affected by climate warming like rain or snow-fed rivers. It’s also a stable source of water. I’m very excited about dam removal because it opens up a whole network of spring-fed rivers.”

“For the Yurok people, whose culture and livelihoods are inextricably linked to the Klamath salmon, improving fish runs means everything,” said Amy Cordalis, the Yurok Tribe’s General Counsel, and a salmon fisher, to ICMN. “We are pleased that PacifiCorp’s 2020 dam removal deadline is on schedule. Dam removal, along with targeted habitat restoration, will help restore salmon populations in the Klamath Basin. Thermal refuge areas need to be created and protected at strategic locations throughout the basin, as recommended in this new report for salmonid resilience and survival in a changing climate.”

Tucker said the Karuk have a dam removal plan awaiting approval from FERC. He referenced the dams removed from the Elwha River in Washington State and the return of the salmon there as proof “that given half a chance, these fish can recover.”

The scientific assessments of the Klamath River by the tribal biologists and scientists match those of the reports’ authors, which is primarily to remove the four lowermost dams and access the spring-fed cold water above the dams, and keep the cold water in the streams.

“As the Klamath’s primary steward, we are confident that we will heal the river for future generations of Yuroks and non-Indians alike,” Cordalis said.*

By Terri Hansen


Kin 2: White Lunar Wind

I polarize in order to communicate
Stabilizing breath
I seal the input of spirit
With the lunar tone of challenge
I am guided by the power of timelessness.

You have everything you need right now. You need go nowhere to learn everything about the universe.*

*Star Traveler's 13 Moon Almanac of Synchronicity, Galactic Research Institute, Law of Time Press, Ashland, Oregon, 2016-2017.

The Sacred Tzolk'in 

Muladhara Chakra (Seli Plasma)

Wednesday, May 24, 2017

Red Magnetic Dragon/ Red Overtone Skywalker - Spectral Serpent Moon of Liberation, Day 22

Osage Sisters: Rita, Anna, Mollie, Minnie. Only Mollie would survive.
The Osage Sisters: Rita, Anna, Mollie, Minnie. Only Mollie would survive.
Courtesy of Doubleday Publishing

Blood for Oil: Book Explores Osage Murders:

'Killers of the Flower Moon' brings out the horrific scope of the Reign of Terror among the Osage

Killers of the Flower Moon: The Osage Murders and the Birth of the FBI (Doubleday, 2017) covers two-dozen sensational murders of Osage Indian men and women between 1921 and 1926. But further research by author and acclaimed New Yorker writer David Grann confirmed what Osage Indians had been claiming all along: that easily a hundred, and perhaps hundreds, of their relatives had been killed by unscrupulous whites just for the opportunity to embezzle millions of dollars in oil money. In a book praised by Ojibwe author Louise Erdrich as a “mesmerizing read” that “rescues unbearable truth” through “meticulous detective work,” Grann lays out the scope of the murders in excruciating detail.

Indian Country Media Network connected with Grann, also the bestselling author of The Lost City of Z: A Tale of Deadly Obsession in the Amazon (Doubleday, 2009) and The Devil and Sherlock Holmes: Tales of Murder, Madness, and Obsession (Doubleday, 2010), to talk about what drew him to the Osage story, and how the reporting unfolded.

To start with, this case was about murders, and it was all a conspiracy, or a series of conspiracies?

In the early 1870s, the Osage had been driven from their lands in Kansas onto a rocky, presumably worthless reservation in northeastern Oklahoma, only to discover, decades later, that this land was sitting above some of the largest oil deposits in the United States. To obtain that oil, prospectors had to pay the Osage in the form of leases and royalties. By the 1920s, the two thousand or so Osage were considered the wealthiest people percapita in the world. Then they began to be systematically murdered for their oil money. There were shootings, poisonings, even a bombing. The period became known as the Osage Reign of Terror, and the crimes were some of the most sinister in American history.

Tell us about Mollie Burkhart; how did she become the focus of your story?

Mollie was a remarkable woman, who in many ways straddled not only two centuries but also two civilizations. Born in 1886, she grew up in a lodge, speaking Osage. Within a few decades, she resided in a mansion and was married to a white settler. In 1921, Mollie and her family became a prime target of the conspiracy. Her older sister was shot. Then her mother—one of the last of the Osage elders—died of suspected poisoning. Not long after, another sister was killed when someone planted a bomb under her house. Despite the risks to her own life, Mollie crusaded for justice, issuing rewards for the killers and hiring private detectives. What she would ultimately discover about the plot against her family was unfathomable. The mastermind–a prominent white settler—was someone whom she knew well and thought cared for her. And that’s part of what made these crimes so sinister; they involved an incredible level of deception and betrayal.

Was it surprising to get a Native perspective of American laws and the elusive concept of justice?

Many of the white authorities refused to investigate these crimes because of prejudice—because the victims were Native Americans. Some of the authorities were also complicit in the crimes or bought off. As a result, the murders went on for years.

This case helped the FBI become what it is now known for. But there were faults and blunders, and J. Edgar Hoover got lucky, didn’t he?

In 1923, the Osage Tribal Council issued a resolution, demanding that federal authorities catch the killers. The case was taken up by the fledgling FBI and became one of the organization’s first major homicide investigations. For two years, the bureau badly bungled the case. Agents failed to make a single arrest. What’s more, they released an outlaw from jail, hoping to use him as an informant; instead, he robbed a bank and killed a police officer.

Hoover, who had been named director of the Bureau in 1924, feared that a potential scandal could end his dreams of a bureaucratic empire. In desperation, he turned to an old frontier lawman named Tom White to unravel the mystery. White put together a team of undercover operatives, including probably the only American Indian agent in the bureau at the time. By tracing the money to see who benefited from the killings, White and his team were able to capture at least some of the perpetrators.

White and his hand-picked investigators of “old cowboy agents” are the heroes of the story. How were they treated by the Osage?

Without the help of the Osage, White and his men would not have been able to bring any of the killers to justice. The Osage assisted them in their investigation and provided essential information. Hoover, who used the case to mythologize his own role, never gave public credit to White and his men; only the Osage Tribal Council acknowledged their efforts, issuing a resolution thanking them.

After you finish the main story, you have some final chapters that are revealing and disturbing.

The official death toll was listed as more than two-dozen Osage. But during my research I was shocked to learn that the breadth of the killings was far greater than the FBI ever exposed. There were scores, perhaps hundreds, of murders. An eminent Osage historian observed, “I don’t know of a single Osage family which didn’t lose at least one family member.” This was less a crime story about who did it than who didn’t do it. There were doctors who administered poisons, morticians who covered up the causes of deaths, and prominent businessmen and politicians and lawmen who were complicit in the crimes.

You have great details in the book that show your research comes from the Osage people themselves. What was most rewarding to you, or something you felt so important it had to be included or followed through?

Over the years, I had the privilege of getting to know many Osage, including descendants of the victims. One of the most powerful experiences I had was meeting with Margie Burkhart, who is the granddaughter of Mollie Burkhart. She told me what it was like to grow up without so many relatives because of the murders. Talking to her gave me a sense of how this history is still living. I recently visited Oklahoma and met with Margie and other Osage. I could not have done the book without their support, and I was honored to be able to finally share the book with them.*

By Alex Jacobs


Kin 1: Red Magnetic Moon

I unify in order to nurture
Attracting being
I seal the input of birth
With the magnetic tone of purpose
I am guided by my own power doubled
I am a galactic activation portal
Enter me.

All of reality is a landscape of signs and symbols.*

*Star Traveler's 13 Moon Almanac of Synchronicity, Galactic Research Institute, Law of Time Press, Ashland, Oregon, 2016-2017.

The Sacred Tzolk'in 

Sahasrara Chakra (Dali Plasma)

Tuesday, May 23, 2017

Yellow Cosmic Sun/ Yellow Overtone Human - Spectral Serpent Moon of Liberation, Day 21

Debra Haaland runs for Congress
Deb Haaland: “I’m running to care for what we already have, and make sure our existence continues long into the future.”  Photo: Courtesy Deb Haaland campaign

Debra Haaland of Laguna Pueblo Throws Hat in Ring for US Congress:

Just days before announcing her historic run, Haaland spoke with ICMN about her motivations, prospects and priorities

As former New Mexico Democratic State Party Chair, Debra Haaland, an enrolled member of Laguna Pueblo, has an impressive record of helping get Democrats elected. New Mexico was one of only two states in the 2016 elections to have its state house turn from red to blue. In addition, the number of Democratic State Senatorial seats increased by three, and Democrats won two out of three statewide elections. Haaland’s campaign is hoping to build on that spectacular winning streak by getting the first ever Native American woman elected to the U.S. Congress—namely, herself.

In addition to her vast experience as a strategist and successful fundraiser for the state party, Haaland, who likes to be called Deb, is law trained and has a substantive background in business management and economic development. She’s running in the primary against three contenders for an open seat held by Michelle Lujan Grisham in New Mexico’s first Congressional District, where nearly 60 percent of the population is female. The election will be in June 2018, and while there’s a long road to the finish line she’s off to an auspicious start. Even before she officially announced on May 16, Haaland was being supported by President Barack Obama’s former Secretary of the Interior, Ken Salazar.

Thank you for taking the time out of what must be an incredibly hectic schedule.

It’s a pleasure to speak to all my relatives in Indian country as I begin this journey. I appreciate everyone’s help, support and guidance in clearing a path to victory.

I can’t speak for all Natives, but if successful I hope to add to the strength of Native voices already in Washington. And I mean to add to their diversity; there’s never been a Native woman in the U.S. Congress.

Just as the land is continuous, and the rivers all run to the sea, we have a lot of common ground and shared needs. I’m running to care for what we already have, and make sure our existence continues long into the future.

That translates into holding the current administration accountable, does it not? You schooled Candidate Trump in The New York Times the first time he flippantly referred to U.S. Senator Elizabeth Warren as “Pocahontas.” Is that something you plan on continuing to do?

I could try to strengthen some knowledge, but the president doesn’t care about Indians, and what he does know seems so wrong most of the time. He was in office five minutes and he approved the Dakota Access Pipeline.

But I would like to educate my peers. If people knew more about Indian country, and traveled to our lands, their decision-making might be different. Many Congresspeople want to do right, and I think they would if they had more knowledge.

In 2012 my work took me frequently to Navajo country, and once I was traveling, and, I remember thinking…I bet Mitt Romney has never been here.

Do you have firsthand experience with poverty?

To a degree. There are no homeless people in my Pueblo; we look out for each other. But in the past, as a single mom, there were times when I’ve needed food stamps, when, for lack of funds, I had to put groceries back from the cart at the register, when I relied on health care from Planned Parenthood. I know what it’s like to wait in the waiting room of IHS for 4 hours. When you’ve had those experiences you can put yourself in someone else’s place more easily with understanding and compassion. I don’t think the current president understands how many people live.

It’s such a contrast from Obama. For the most part Native people were totally devoted to Obama because of the real improvements he brought to Indian country—in consultation, in funding, and respect for our lands. There was an open dialogue, there were annual tribal conferences. I never attended a Tribal Nations Conference, but I did meet Michelle Obama at the Santa Fe Indian School, when she gave last year’s commencement address. I also went to the last holiday party at the White House; it meant a lot knowing that the Obamas would be leaving the White House.

I read that you were the first Native American to chair a state party. How did that come to be?

In New Mexico, the party chair is elected by a small body of Democrats, fewer than 400 votes are cast. I won by making personal phone calls and asking for support. I had been involved in many campaigns, and had previously worked, for many years, to get out the Indian vote. I believe people saw me as a hard worker.

It’s the job of the chair to follow the party’s rules, get Democrats elected, and raise money. I became chair after the 2014 mid-term elections; we’d lost our State house and voters were not in good spirits. After winning, I traveled around the state to let people know that their vote and the work they had been doing mattered. I worked on uniting the Party.

Most of our state is rural and driving never ends! I wanted to touch every community, and that strategy worked. We had record-breaking early voter turnout in the 2016 presidential primary. Both the Sanders and Clinton campaigns did an excellent job.

New Mexico is an oil and gas state, and yet you went to Standing Rock as chairwoman, sent a letter of support to Standing Rock Sioux Chairman Archambault, and divested the party’s funds from Wells Fargo because of its investment in the Dakota Access Pipeline. That was all pretty nervy, was it not?

I didn’t think about that. There were people who had fought for a very long time, to protect what they have, and I felt the need to support them. It had nothing to do with nerves, really; but just seemed the right thing to do. Water is, indeed, sacred; a finite resource, and, like all of our natural resources, should be respected by all of us.

I’d like us to double down on renewable energy. In New Mexico we have close to 300 days of sunshine a year, and solar is the way of the future. Once we have a Democrat governor in office here who believes in renewable energy, we will make some headway.

Politics correspondent Mark Trahant of Trahant Reports and ICMN has called your primary a “winnable” race. What will it take for you to win?

I’ll need to raise enough money to run a viable campaign, I have a lot of campaign experience, I’m assembling a professional team, and I expect that my vast amount of grassroots organizing experience will also play a role. Both my parents are veterans, and I was raised in a Pueblo/Military household. My mom ran a tight ship, and I learned to work hard – in every part of my life. My obligations at home (Laguna Pueblo) are many, and take a great deal of stamina; I’m also a runner! I believe that my life experiences have prepared me to work hard enough to win, and I will work that hard.

Does the campaign have a tag line?

Well, I wanted it to say something like let’s help folks be successful and have good lives, pursue their educations and dreams…but that was all too long, so we went with:

“Deb Haaland. For Congress. For us.”*

By Frances Madeson 


Kin 260: Yellow Cosmic Sun

I endure in order to enlighten
Transcending life
I seal the matrix of universal fire
With the cosmic tone of presence
I am guided by the power of flowering
I am a galactic activation portal
Enter me.

Higher dimensions are already  present here, but they are available only through the mind, understood as the medium of consciousness, just as space is the medium of the mind.*

*Star Traveler's 13 Moon Almanac of Synchronicity, Galactic Research Institute, Law of Time Press, Ashland, Oregon, 2016-2017.

The Sacred Tzolk'in

Anahata Chakra (Silio Plasma)

Monday, May 22, 2017

Blue Crystal Storm/ Blue Electric Monkey - Spectral Serpent Moon of Liberation, Day 20

Richard Oakes (activist).jpg
Richard Oakes, Mohawk (May 22, 1942 - September 20, 1972)

Richard Oakes (May 22, 1942 – September 20, 1972)[1] was a Mohawk Native American activist. He spurred Native American studies in university curricula and changes in US federal government policy toward Native Americans, and led an occupation of Alcatraz Island.

Richard Oakes was born on May 22, 1942, in St. Regis Mohawk Reservation, a location known in Mohawk as Akwesasne, the US portion of a reservation that spills into Canada across the St. Lawrence River. Like many of his ancestors, Oakes spent most of his childhood fishing and planting beans. He then began working at a local dock area on the St. Lawrence Seaway, but was laid off at the age of sixteen, after which he worked as a high steelworker, a job that entailed a great deal of traveling.

While working on the Newport, Rhode Island Bridge, Oakes met and married an Italian/English woman from Bristol, Rhode Island. They had one son, Bryan Oakes, who was born in June 1968. Richard left the two, divorcing his wife, and traveled west. He reached San Francisco and decided to enroll at San Francisco State University. While studying at SFSU, Oakes worked as a bartender in the Mission District of San Francisco, which brought him in contact with the local Native American communities.

Oakes was disappointed with the classes offered and went on to work with an anthropology professor to create one of the first Native American Studies departments in the nation. He developed the initial curriculum[3] and encouraged other Native Americans to enroll at San Francisco State University. At the same time, the Mohawk National Council was forming and traveling in troupes to fight oppression of Mohawk religion by means of peaceful protest, which they called White Roots of Peace. In the spring of 1969, Oakes met the members of the White Roots of Peace, who encouraged him to take a stand and fight for what he believed in. Oakes had also gained the support of many students. He went on to play an integral role in the Occupation of Alcatraz. Also in 1969, he married Annie Marufo, who was part of the Pomo Nation, and Oakes adopted all five of her children.

In 1969, Oakes led a group of students and urban Bay Area Native Americans in an occupation of Alcatraz Island that would last until 1971. He also recruited 80 UCLA students from the American Indian Studies Center.

Many other Nations had already attempted to circle the island in boats but all were unsuccessful. When boats stopped during their course, Oakes chose to swim through the rest of the Bay and directly took control of the island. Indigenous Americans of various Nations joined Oakes and staged the longest occupation of a federal facility by Native American people.

The historic occupation was made up initially of young indigenous college students from around San Francisco and UCLA. Oakes was considered a noted activist during the occupation according to The American Indian Quarterly.

Oakes had control of the island from the very beginning, with an organizational council put into effect immediately. Everyone had a job, including security, sanitation, day care, schooling, cooking, and laundry. All decisions were made by the unanimous consent of the people.

IDC: “To better the lives of all Indian people” by making “known to the world that we have a right to use our land for our own benefit” through reclaiming Alcatraz “in name of all American Indians by right of discovery.” (Taken from “The Alcatraz Proclamation to the great White Father and his People”).

In 1970 the island began to fall into disarray. On January 5, 1970 Oakes' 12-year-old adopted daughter, Yvonne, fell to her death from concrete steps. After her funeral, Oakes and Marufo left the island.

Conflicts over leadership and the influx of non-indigenous Americans diminished the important stance of the original occupants. In June 1971 the United States government removed the remaining 15 occupants from the island.

While Oakes and his followers did not succeed in obtaining the island, they did affect U.S. policy and the treatment of Indians. As a result of the occupation, the official U.S. government policy of termination of Indian tribes was ended and replaced by a policy of Indian self-determination.

After leaving Alcatraz, Oakes continued his resistance. He helped the Pit River Tribe in their attempts to regain nearly 3 million acres of land that had been seized by Pacific Gas & Electric.[3] Oakes also planned to create a "mobile university" dedicated to creating opportunity for Native Americans, but this never came to fruition.[3] As a result of his activism, he endured tear gas, billy clubs, and brief stints in jail.[10]

Soon after, Oakes was shot and killed in Sonoma, California, by Michael Morgan, a YMCA camp manager. Morgan had a reputation for being rough with Native American children. Oakes reportedly confronted him, and Morgan responded by drawing a handgun and fatally shooting him. Oakes was unarmed when he was shot. Morgan was charged with voluntary manslaughter. He was acquitted in a jury trial on the grounds that Oakes was being aggressive and Morgan was acting in self-defense.

Oakes died on September 20, 1972 in Sonoma, California, at the age of 30.*


 Kin 259: Blue Crystal Storm

I dedicate in order to catalyze
Universalizing energy
I seal the matrix of self-generation
With the crystal tone of cooperation
I am guided by the power of magic.

Every culture has its particular set of images and symbols which define the nature of mind and consciousness in everyday life.*

*Star Traveler's 13 Moon Almanac of Synchronicity, Galactic Research Institute, Law of Time Press, Ashland, Oregon, 2016-2017.

 The Sacred Tzolk'in

Manipura Chakra (Limi Plasma)

Sunday, May 21, 2017

White Spectral Mirror/ White Lunar Dog - Spectral Serpent Moon of Liberation, Day 19

The Yankton Sioux tribal flag snaps in a stiff Northern Plains breeze above a powwow on the tribe's South Dakota reservation. The tribe is one of seven Sioux nations participating in the Oceti Sakowin Power Authority, which is building capacity to use that wind to supply clean, sustainable energy in a region experts call "the Saudi Arabia of wind power."
The Yankton Sioux tribal flag snaps in a stiff Northern Plains breeze above a powwow on the tribe's South Dakota reservation. The tribe is one of seven Sioux nations participating in the Oceti Sakowin Power Authority, which is building capacity to use that wind to supply clean, sustainable energy in a region experts call "the Saudi Arabia of wind power." Photo courtesy of Stephanie Woodard.

It’s Clear Sailing for a Giant Sioux Wind Power Enterprise:

Called the ‘Saudi Arabia of wind power,’ the Great Plains could fulfill U.S. energy needs several times over with emissions-free, wind-generated electricity

A coalition of Sioux tribes is poised to harness the wind. Long held sacred by the Great Sioux Nation, or Oceti Sakowin, the wind may soon provide tribal communities with clean, renewable power and sustainable economic development.

“We tribes see ourselves as custodians of the environment,” said Oceti Sakowin Power Authority (OSPA) board member Dan Gargan, Rosebud Sioux. “Producing clean energy is something we’ve wanted for a long time.”

The endeavor has taken a lot of work, and in the process obstacles have become assets. Oceti Sakowin means “Great Sioux Nation” in Lakota/Dakota, and its vision encompasses the possibility that even more Sioux nations in the U.S. and Canada might join in, according to Caroline Herron of Herron Consulting, which has been involved in OSPA since its beginnings.

OSPA’s eventual capacity is currently estimated at about two gigawatts, making it an immense utility-scale project and the first joint power authority formed in this country in decades. In a Huffington Post op-ed, retired U.S. Senator Byron Dorgan (D-ND) lauded the project for its innovation and potential. Dorgan called the northern Plains the “Saudi Arabia of wind power” and claimed the region could fulfill the U.S.’s entire energy needs several times over with emissions-free, wind-generated electricity.

Various Sioux tribal associations have explored the idea since the 1980s. Rosebud has installed solar panels on the roofs of some homes, with the electricity produced feeding into the home, and individual tribes have tried setting up wind farms, though these have stalled, generally because they were too small-scale.

“It takes a lot of money to develop a wind farm,” explained Gargan. “Working together, we tribes can build on a larger scale, find collateral for loans more easily and identify bigger purchasers.”

It may be hard for people who don’t live in the Plains to understand how windy it is, Gargan added. When he installed a wind-speed meter outside his Rosebud home, he measured frequent gusts up to 70 miles per hour.

Finding advantageous financing and major purchasers for the large amount of wind-generated electricity OSPA will produce demanded innovative thinking. The consortium has devised a strategy that will give it ownership of its facilities and access to major markets.

The Clinton Global Initiative (CGI) is especially supportive, with President Bill Clinton calling OSPA “one of my favorite commitments.” When the project is up and running, Clinton told a 2013 CGI conference in Chicago, additional tribes will realize that green energy can allow them to earn substantial money, invest in their communities and diversify their economic base.

“This has been an obsession of mine since I was president,” Clinton said.

The Bush Foundation, Northwest Area Foundation, Rockefeller Philanthropy Advisors and the law firm Arent Fox have also assisted OSPA. The Bureau of Indian Affairs helped by working with the Department of Energy to fast-track OSPA’s incorporation under federal law.

OSPA will soon select a developer/operator partner for project completion and set a timeline for future stages, Gargan said. These include constructing arrays of wind turbines, each producing one to two megawatts, on the participating tribes’ land. Proposed sites are being evaluated for wind speed, access to transmission lines and roads, and environmental and cultural issues. A few sites have been dropped because of the presence of culturally significant features, nesting eagles and other factors.

The consortium’s biggest hurdle was identifying potential buyers for its electricity, according to Gargan. Local cooperatives providing electricity throughout South Dakota purchase minimal green energy, so OSPA ended up turning to the far larger national wholesale market. This in turn means the authority has a long list of potential customers in more than two dozen central and western states: investor-owned and public utilities, call centers, warehouse distribution centers, and huge energy-hungry corporations, like Amazon and Google, that purchase green energy as part of their corporate mission. In late 2016, Google announced that renewable energy, primarily wind, would supply 100 percent of its power needs by this year.

The big companies’ market share keeps expanding, said Herron: “In 2015, corporations bought more than fifty percent of wind energy for the first time, which was more even than the utilities.”

Financing posed additional challenges—and ultimately opportunities—for OSPA. In the past, private-equity investors typically offered tribes wind-power deals that involved leasing tribal land, erecting turbines, taking advantage of federal tax breaks, paying the tribe royalties, and then, after 10 years, turning the facility over to the tribe, according to Gargan. The trouble with these arrangements, Gargan said, is that the investors would receive the lion’s share of the benefits, then leave the tribe with 10-year-old turbines and no power purchase agreement in place. Even worse, added Herron, such investors usually don’t plan a reserve fund for repairing and replacing worn equipment.

It’s a rare tribe that accepts such a deal. As a consequence, there are very few wind farms on tribal land, said Herron. That’s despite many tribes being in regions with lots of sun and wind that could be transformed into clean energy, according to Clinton.

OSPA is looking for a partner that would be in it for the long haul, put aside money for repairs and agree to the tribes’ retaining project ownership. The biggest financing hurdle has been the tribes’ tax-exempt status and resultant inability to take advantage of federal tax breaks (unlike private-equity investors). To be competitive without tax breaks, OSPA’s financing model will involve offering bonds, similar to municipal bonds, with which local governments finance anything from a new fire truck to a major construction project.

“The bonds would then be purchased, probably in large chunks, by institutional investors such as pension funds,” said Herron.

Electricity and revenue are just the beginning of OSPA’s benefits to participating tribes. Taxes on materials and construction will deliver additional revenue, and an estimated 550 jobs will be developed with tribal colleges and Tribal Employment Rights Offices, also called TERO offices. OSPA will help tribal members create related enterprises, such as the concrete companies needed to pour pads for the turbines.

Through projects like OSPA, tribes will contribute to U.S. energy independence while building a better future for their children, according to Clinton.

“The potential for this is staggering,” he said.*

By Stephanie Woodard


Kin 258: White Spectral Mirror

I dissolve in order to reflect
Releasing order
I seal the matrix of endlessness
With the spectral tone of liberation
I am guided by my own power doubled.

From the point of view of the fourth and fifth dimensions, time/space is a cube.*

*Star Traveler's 13 Moon Almanac of Synchronicity, Galactic Research Institute, Law of Time Press, Ashland, Oregon, 2016-2017.

The Sacred Tzolk'in

Visshudha Chakra (Alpha Plasma)

Saturday, May 20, 2017

Red Planetary Earth/ Red Magnetic Moon - Spectral Serpent Moon of Liberation, Day 19

David Archambault II
Courtesy Teko Alejo/Facebook
Standing Rock Sioux Chairman David Archambault II in Washington DC on September 26, addressing supporters in the fight against the Dakota Access oil pipeline's routing under the Missouri River near the reservation.

DAPL Civil Suit Dropped Against Archambault, Council Members:
No federal jurisdiction in civil case against Standing Rock Sioux Chairman David Archambault II, judge finds

Standing Rock Sioux Chairman David Archambault II and several tribal council members are no longer facing a civil suit from Energy Transfer Partners (ETP) over their alleged role in protesting the Dakota Access Pipeline (DAPL).

U.S. District Judge Daniel Hovland dismissed the lawsuit filed last August by Dakota Access LLC, the ETP subsidiary building the pipeline.

In filing the lawsuit against Archambault and other tribal officials, the company had cited safety issues in charging that the defendants had “created and will continue to create a risk of bodily injury and harm to Dakota Access employees and contractors, as well as to law enforcement personnel and other individuals at the construction site,” the Associated Press reported on August 16.

Archambault had sought dismissal of the suit, which came just as the number of people pouring into water protector camps near the Standing Rock reservation began soaring. Dakota Access LLC also got a temporary restraining order (TRO) against Archambault and his fellows that enjoined them to keep their activities within the law. That order was lifted a month later on the grounds that it was redundant, since existing laws furnish the same restrictions, but the civil suit still stood.

The civil suit was also dropped against council members Dana Yellow Fat, Valerie Wolf Necklace, Clifton Hollow and Jonathan Edwards, who were named as defendants along with Archambault. Donald Strickland and Aaron Neyer did not file dismissal motions, and the suit against them technically still stands, the Bismarck Tribune reported.

In order for the suit to fall under federal jurisdiction, each defendant had to be held individually responsible for costing the company more than $75,000 daily in lost work, while the pipeline company argued that since their actions in the aggregate had caused the work stoppage, it could hold each one of them accountable for all the losses. Hovland found that the company did not make that case.

ETP did not respond to requests from Indian Country Media Network for comment. The attorney for Archambault and Yellow Fat, Timothy Purdon of the law firm Robins Kaplan, said he agreed with the judge’s conclusion.

“I think the court’s correct,” he told ICMN. “We also believe there was no jurisdiction.”

He said that although the dismissal was good news, it also had some negative implications when it came to exercising First Amendment rights.

“What’s frustrating for me is, you have the pipeline going to federal court right at the start of the protests, and they got a TRO against the chairman of the tribe that was in place for several weeks,” Purdon told ICMN.

“They were able to use the federal court system to get this TRO, which has to have had some impact on the chairman and the other defendants in a case where it’s eventually shown that the federal court lacked jurisdiction over the matter,” Purdon said, noting the parallels between that ruling and the dismissal of felony charges against numerous water protectors. “What we see in North Dakota is, in the cases involving the protests—the civil case here, some of the criminal cases—the protest cases appear to be getting resolved for the most part in favor of protesters, which I guess is great for the First Amendment, but it leads me to question some of the legal theories that were used in the beginning here by the pipeline company.”*


Kin 257: Red Planetary Earth

I perfect in order to evolve
Producing synchronicity
I seal the matrix of navigation
With the planetary tone of manifestation
I am guided by the power of life force.

We are using words and images as a bridge to indicate the level of alteration within our self-perception, consciousness , and in our own genetic coding which is now occurring.*

*Star Traveler's 13 Moon Almanac of Synchronicity, Galactic Research Institute, Law of Time Press, Ashland, Oregon, 2016-2017.

The Sacred Tzolk'in 

Svadhistana Chakra (Kali Plasma)